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Africans have a poor reading culture, which might have originated from their long-standing oral traditions, or from the nature of formal education that sub-Saharan countries embraced after independence, or from the hand-to-mouth mode of living that typified Africa for a long time. But whatever the actual cause was, it’s clear that the poor reading culture in African societies was caused by something that prevented the African mind from growing attitude towards continuous learning. In other words, the poor reading culture in African societies is testimony of a mind-set that is blind to continual learning.

Role in our inability to get out of underdevelopment


The need for continual learning was of limited importance prior to the information and knowledge ages. It’s not the case today. To be productive in the 21st century, someone needs knowledge and skills in ICT. Competitively productive workers, however, must possess the attitude towards continual learning, in addition to the knowledge and skills in ICT. In other words, mental blindness to continual learning prevents Africans from becoming and staying competitively productive. This limitation has serious economic implications for sub-Saharan economies, especially in the 21st century.


The 21st century presents numerous opportunities for economies in sub–Saharan Africa, especially as technology and globalization increasingly play a more important role in the region. These opportunities, however, demand for a society that is or can be competitively productive. Yet, sub-Saharan societies are neither competitively productive nor are they likely to become so, unless the foregoing mental blindness is addressed. This means that sub-Saharan economies are unlikely to turn the abundant opportunities of the 21st century before them into sustainable development efforts. That these countries’ investments into ICT infrastructure, ICT services, ICT research and training will have limited impact on their status as underdeveloped economies.

Addressing it



The book ‘Establishing the 3rd MISSING LINK in Africa’s Development Efforts’ has been specially prepared for learners in high school, or in the equivalent to high school. It goes beyond the limits of ICT education, and engages the belief systems of learners with the aim of growing the attitude (mental clarity) required of their generation, if it is to become competitively productive in the 21st century. Buy this book for a child or an institution and support the effort towards rendering the upcoming generation competitively productive in this exciting but fast-changing working era, the 21st century.

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